This website has an informative video on PBIS. They use a triangle and what I have known and taught as a public health model, primary, secondary, tertiary or universal, selected and indicated. For years, I’ve been teaching the use of restorative justice classroom circles – to address all students. I’ve been teaching these three categories in workshops and trainings.
In my trainings with teachers I would engage the audience by asking for a volunteer, I would offer that the audience could help “volunteer” people. I asked for the “universal student” the one that teachers did not have to worry about the “rule” follower. That person came to the front of my presentation area.
I then asked for another volunteer, the “at-risk” student. The one who you knew was on the edge. Maybe things at home weren’t 100% or this student challenged the rules. The audience would call out a co-worker and send them up.
Finally I asked for the person to represent the student that got in trouble. The audience was usually more comfortable and sent forward a staff with laughs.
I’ve done this will lots of groups. I use the three standing at the front of the room as props. I ask audience about seeing themselves in all three people, all three levels (primary, secondary, tertiary) or (universal, selected and indicated).
I take people by the elbow and move them around. I demonstrate when we take the student who caused harm out of the classroom or school. Remove them without communication to the other two, we make the climate, less trustworthy. I ask the group, of those that were harmed by this student, who were they. The teachers/audience can see if was probably one of the other two students.
I show how school-based restorative justice helps give voice to the victim, the bystanders and helps them ALL be involved in the problem-solving, conflict resolution. Giving students the chance to explain to each other how they see positive behaviors and how students themselves can benefit from a peaceful school climate.
I have studied shapes for years now. I like how this triangle demonstrates the three groupings. I have also learned that the triangle can represent power. Even though the top of the triangle is 1-5% is that the group with “power” in our schools. If you consider “power” being influence over others. How much time do we spend responding when there is a seriously violent incident?
My heart went out to the community in Marinette, WI after a student held classmates hostage and killed himself. (Summary article). I could only think how if we address the needs of victims, we could prevent these types of incidents.
It seems the person who is hurt, eventually will retaliate with a perceived justification to right earlier wrongs.
I see School-based Restorative Justice as very efficient, PBIS and I know schools around the nation are being pushed to implement these strategies. The website PBIS.ORG, is full of helpful presentations and I see restorative justice as part of every item I reviewed.